Pakistan As An Islamic Republic: Can It Really Work?

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How Is Diplomacy Really Faring In Pakistan & What Does That Mean For Global Security?

Pakistan today survives in a challenging political and diplomatic climate. The country is always under threat internally and it is not just from Islamist forces. Relations between the Pakistani government and the army is not on the mend, as would ideally be the case and there is always a vocal discontent from rebel groups.

Neighbouring relations with a stronger India than before because of a strong government, is also not on the mend because the two countries regularly break out in bitter arguments over political decisions. As a result, there is a pressing need for dialogue on numerous matters: issues such as terrorism, the rise of authoritarian rule and what it can mean for national diplomacy and what the country can really do about global security.

Afghanistan is constantly under attack from the Taliban and a large faction of it conduct its operation on the Durand line in Pakistan and terrorists always get trained there for operations in both India and Afghanistan. There is also a growth in nuclear arsenal in Pakistan and it is worrying to see that happen for national matters in Pakistan because this unique weapon could give a new lease of life to Al Qaeda for its operations.

In Pakistan, the concept of sharia law prevails, although not with as much freedom as a chequered democracy. Numerous Pakistani leaders, such as the founder of the state, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the longest serving head of state in Pakistan, the former President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq have with their term in government regularly stated the importance of sharia law in Pakistan despite the oppressive environments it is known to accept.

An Islamic state as Pakistan is a culture that has always been nurtured regionally and this isn’t simply to wipe out difficulties in keeping a state at least remotely civilized. This overwhelming support to curb, in part, a divisive local climate, as a result of numerous former heads of state, who only recognized conflict breeding as a chance to govern, through implementation of sharia law, has raised concerns over how Pakistan aims to be diplomatic, in the face of systematic human rights abuses.

There is a lot of talk about moral rights, about granting women in the country equal rights but all of this is not complimentary to sharia law and it’s rising tide in Pakistan. There are concerns over restriction in freedom of speech for the media, a far-too-conservative sense of dress-code for Pakistani women in the public, which is inclusive of schools and state-sponsored television and there are complications in granting women the same legal proceedings as men, as well.

Furthermore, there is always a great preference for military rule in the country and again, that clashes with the concept of diplomacy. It is not in the West or the Far East’s interests to dissolve diplomatic relations because of differences in political ideologies but the threat that terrorism poses to the world, is not a matter that has a sense of humour. Islamabad, as a result, needs to get an understanding of the conflicted political thoughts that is hampering economic growth, education attainment rates, and what it means for energy and infrastructure.


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