India is the world’s most heavily-populated nation – it is where most of the world’s farmers live. There is a scarcity of water in the land, which is posing as a cause of concern for agriculture, making only 44percent of all fertile land suitable for cultivating rice because that is the only portion that can be irrigated. Most rice farmers have to thus depend heavily on the seasonal monsoons, annually.
Policy Push for Change
The last thirty years has seen farmers in India face many different challenges because they could not even depend much on the monsoon season – it brought droughts with it, and this problem is becoming more and more common. The World Bank has supported initiatives to help the Indian government spark a national watershed management program, to advertise the need to both conserve and make proper use of water.
People need to be educated more about the subject, and technical supervision is also required to mobilise farmers and communities, to better manage resources. Hybrid rice is also another potential antidote to the drought situation, because this kind of rice can grow faster, with the help of less water, to produce the crop. Basmati rice, that is drought-resistant takes somewhere around 30 days earlier than crossbred types, to be harvested. The agriculture policy move has been well-received in India, amongst farmers.